Trust Your Firebox Repair or Rebuild to PA’s Only CSIA Master Chimney Sweep
The firebox of your fireplace is where the actual fire takes place. Unfortunately, the excessive heat tends to wear out the bricks and mortar, causing cracks, spalling, and other damage, and making for an unsafe fireplace. While a well-maintained firebox will contain the heat from the fire and prevent heat from transferring to nearby combustibles, a damaged firebox may not. In order to restore the safety and appearance of the fireplace, so you can enjoy a fire again, you’ll need to have the firebox mortar repointed and the damaged bricks replaced.
Here at Lou Curley’s Chimney Service, we offer firebox repointing and rebuilding services, as well as products like cast iron firebacks, which can help prevent the excessive heat of the fire from damaging the back wall of the firebox in the future. Call us or book your appointment online today.
Firebox Repair – Before
Firebox Repair – After
What Is a Fireplace Firebox?
We touched on this above, but let’s get more specific as sometimes there’s confusion about the difference between the fireplace and firebox. Although they are related, the terms refer to two distinct things.
- A fireplace is a structure designed to contain an open fire and provide heat.
- The firebox is a specific component within a fireplace where the actual fire is held and burns.
Fireboxes in a masonry fireplace are made of firebrick that is bonded together with refractory mortar. Firebrick, also known as refractory brick or heat-resistant brick, is a specialized type of brick designed to withstand the high temperatures and harsh conditions of an open flame. Firebrick can endure up to 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit, whereas regular brick that’s used on the fireplace and exterior chimney will crack in that environment.
In factory-built and prefabricated chimney systems, the firebox functions the same as a firebox in a masonry fireplace would, but they have either metal or refractory panels on the walls and floor. Refractory panels are heat-resistant but aren’t as strong as fire brick and will need to be replaced at some point.
How Do We Repair Your Fireplace Firebox?
- Firebox Repointing — Firebox repointing refers to the process of carefully grinding out the damaged mortar joints and packing fresh mortar in for a smoother, cleaner, safer firebox. The mortar joints between the bricks in your firebox can really take a beating, which is why a special refractory mortar should be used. Refractory mortar is better able to stand up to the heat and corrosive byproducts of combustion, so you can enjoy a crack- and gap-free firebox for years to come.
- Firebox Rebuilds — When damage spreads beyond just the joints between the brick and the brick itself starts cracking and spalling, you’ll need to have the damaged brick replaced or the firebox completely rebuilt. For a safer, longer-lasting firebox, we use firebrick rather than a standard masonry brick. Firebrick or refractory brick is made of a refractory ceramic material and is able to withstand higher temperatures without damage.
- Cast Iron Firebacks — Another great option for protecting your firebox against heat damage and getting more heat from your fireplace is to invest in a cast iron fireback. These cast iron plates are placed against the back wall of the firebox, and while they may seem decorative, they serve an important function. Not only will they protect the back wall against the high heat of the fire, but they’ll take that heat and radiate it back into the home, so you can enjoy more warmth from every fire.
What Are Some Signs That My Firebox Needs Repairs?
The firebox in your chimney carries a heavy load and, over time, you may spot signs that suggest it requires repair work. Here are some issues to look out for:
- Damaged bricks or panels. Cracks in the fire bricks or refractory panels inside the firebox can allow heat and flames to escape, potentially causing damage to the surrounding masonry or structure. Bricks and panels may need to be repaired or replaced depending on the extent of the damage.
- Missing mortar joints. If you notice missing or deteriorated mortar joints between the bricks in the firebox, it can weaken the stability of the firebox. We offer firebox repointing services to restore the structural integrity of the firebox.
- Crumbling or spalling brick. Spalling is when bricks begin to break down due to repeated exposure to high temperatures. Bricks may appear to be cracking, peeling, crumbling, or chipping.
- Your fireplace isn’t heating consistently. A damaged firebox can affect the way heat is radiated into a room. If you notice a sudden change in the way your fireplace produces heat, it may be due to a problem with the firebox.
- Discoloration or staining on the firebox. While this may appear to be a cosmetic problem, heavy discoloration, soot buildup, or staining on the interior surfaces of the firebox could indicate a problem with the combustion or venting system.
- There is water in the firebox. When water leaks into the firebox, it can damage the masonry and bricks. Leaks can be caused by a damaged or missing chimney cap, crown, flashing, or chase cover.
- Unusual sounds are coming from your fireplace. If your fireplace starts making new sounds, schedule a chimney inspection. Unusual popping or cracking sounds during a fire can point to structural issues or damage within the firebox.
What Causes Firebox Damage?
Firebox damage can be caused by a number of factors, but the most common culprits are the following:
- Extreme heat. The firebox is exposed to extremely high temperatures, especially in wood-burning fireplaces and stoves. Over time, these high temperatures can cause wear and tear on the refractory bricks or panels, leading to cracking, spalling, or deterioration.
- Fluctuating temperatures. Fireboxes go through cycles of heating and cooling as fires are lit and extinguished. These rapid temperature changes can put stress on the materials as they expand and contract, which can result in cracks and damage.
- The firebox wasn’t installed properly. Fit is important in a chimney system. An ill-fitting part or gap can lead to all sorts of problems. When the firebox is not installed correctly or if the wrong materials were used, it may be more vulnerable to issues.
- There’s water infiltration. Water can be a significant factor in chimney damage. Rainwater, snow, or condensation from high humidity can enter through the chimney and lead to the deterioration of the firebox’s bricks and mortar. Intact chimney caps, solid flashing, and waterproofing are necessary to prevent water intrusion.
- Lack of maintenance. It’s important to keep up with yearly cleanings and inspections to identify problems early on. A lack of care can lead to a buildup of creosote and other substances that contribute to firebox damage.
- The firebox is old. Like any home appliance, the firebox will experience natural wear and tear with time, and it may eventually need to be replaced.
If you suspect any of the issues listed above, call Lou Curley Chimney Sweep and schedule a chimney inspection. Our customer service team can be reached by phone at 610-626-2439 or you can set up an appointment on our website.
What Can I Do To Prevent Firebox Damage?
It’s not always possible to completely prevent firebox damage from happening because it’s exposed to such high temperatures, but there are steps you can take to help preserve it for as long as possible.
The most essential aspect of chimney maintenance is scheduling regular inspections. The Chimney Safety Institute of America (CSIA) and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) both suggest a chimney check-up at least once a year. With an annual inspection, we can seal minor cracks or small gaps in the refractory mortar before they worsen and require more extensive services.
We also suggest doing what you can to avoid creosote accumulation. Creosote is a highly flammable, tar-like substance that accumulates in chimneys. The acidic and corrosive nature of creosote can cause firebox damage to worsen at a quicker rate, but that can be helped by scheduling annual chimney sweepings to remove creosote buildup. Burning seasoned firewood – wood that has been left out to dry for at least six months – can also help slow creosote accumulation down.
Finally, keeping water out of your chimney is pivotal to the overall health of the system. Make sure your chimney cap, chimney crown, and chimney/roof flashing are installed and intact. If you have a prefabricated unit, you should install a chase cover which works similarly to a crown on a masonry chimney.
When Do I Need To Rebuild My Firebox?
Try as we might, there are times when we can’t salvage a firebox with repair services. If the firebox has structural issues that compromise its integrity – such as missing mortar joints, gaps between bricks, or severely spalling brick – it can pose a safety hazard. In these cases, rebuilding the firebox may be the best solution to ensure the safety of your home.
These are some issues that may call for a firebox rebuild:
- Severe cracks or damage. When we first see evidence of cracking, spalling, or crumbling, we typically suggest firebox repointing. But when the damage has gone too far, repairing the existing fire brick may not be enough to ensure that your fireplace is safe for use.
- There is too much wear and tear. Over time, the interior of a firebox can deteriorate due to its proximity to extreme temperatures. If the firebox is significantly worn and damaged, rebuilding it can restore its efficiency and safety.
- There is significant water damage. Water intrusion in the firebox can cause damage to bricks or refractory material. If you think you have a leak in your chimney system, schedule a chimney inspection as soon as possible. Water is one of the leading causes of chimney damage.
- You’re changing the type of fuel you use. If you’re making a switch from one type of fuel source to another – like switching from a wood-burning fireplace to a gas unit – the firebox may need to be rebuilt or modified to accommodate the new type of fuel and meet safety requirements.
- You’ve experienced a chimney fire. Although the firebox is designed to withstand heat better than other parts of the chimney system, a chimney fire can weaken the structures around it which could cause spalling brick.
- Missing or worn liner. A firebox liner is a protective barrier made of heat-resistant materials that line the interior of the firebox. Some older fireboxes may not have a proper liner, and it may be necessary to rebuild the firebox.
Can I Repair a Damaged Firebox Myself?
The firebox is a vital part of your chimney system. It holds the fire and protects the surrounding fireplace structures from extreme heat. A damaged firebox is a major safety concern and repairing it properly is key to protecting your family and your home. If you think there is an issue with your firebox, don’t take matters into your own hands. Instead of trusting YouTube repair tutorials, call in a professional chimney service that has the experience and expertise to fix your firebox the right way the first time.
For 15 years, Lou Curley Chimney Sweep has served residents in and nearby Delaware County. Our founder, Lou Curley, is Pennsylvania’s only CSIA Master Chimney Sweep. All of our chimney technicians are certified by CSIA and the National Fireplace Institute (NFI). When you hire us, you can rest assured that your safety is our main priority, and getting the most knowledgeable and trustworthy chimney professionals in the area.
Give Us a Call or Reach Out Online Today
Is your firebox damaged and in need of repair? Let us help! We’re experienced, professional, certified, and ready to take care of any and all of your chimney and fireplace needs. Call 610-626-2439 or fill out our online appointment request form today to schedule your inspection and firebox repair with Delaware County’s most qualified chimney professionals!